Advanced Learner’s Grammar A Self study Reference and Practice Book with Answers by Mark Foley and Diane Hall

Advanced Learner’s Grammar A Self Study Reference and Practice Book With Answers

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Contents of Advanced Learner’s Grammar

  • Diagnostic tests
  • Present tenses ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Present simple / make
  • Present continuous / am making
  • Verbs rarely used in the continuous believe; have; like; etc
  • Past tenses ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Past simple I made
  • Past continuous / was making
  • Past perfect / had made
  • Past perfect continuous / had been making
  • Used to I would I used to make; I would make
  • Past to present tenses ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Present perfect simple I have made
  • Present perfect and past simple – differences
  • Present perfect continuous / have been making
  • A Present perfect simple and continuous – differences
  • Round up (Units – ): Present and past tenses The future ( ) ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Prediction he will make; he is going to make; he will be making; etc
  • Decisions and intentions / will make; I am going to make
  • Arrangements I’m meeting; I will be meeting
  • Other future meanings timetables; qualifying future forms; etc
  • The future ( ) ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Expressions with future meaning be to + infinitive; be due to + infinitive; etc
  • Verbs with future meaning main verbs; modal verbs
  • Future in the past / was going to make; other forms
  • Round up (Units and ): The future
  • Negation ( Diagnostic test page )
  • Negative statements not; no; neither; etc
  • Negative questions Haven’t you seen ?
  • Words which carry negative meaning adverbs; quantifiers; verbs; prefixes
  • Questions ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Closed and open questions Are you busy? Why did she leave?
  • Tag questions He knows, doesn’t he? He doesn’t know, does he? etc
  • Indirect questions Can you tell me how long ? I wonder whether
  • A Echo questions Are you? Has he really?
  • Passives, causatives and get ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Passive forms it is made; he was said to be ; it got broken
  • Passive -ing forms and infinitives being made; to have been made; etc
  • have/get + object + past participle / had/got it made; I had my bag stolen
  • Uses of the passive information order; the ‘unimportant’ agent; etc
  • Reported speech ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Direct and indirect speech ‘There’s a problem ’; He said there was a problem
  • Indirect statements reporting verbs; changes of pronoun, adverb, tense
  • Indirect (reported) questions reporting verbs; she asked when it started
  • Indirect commands and requests reporting verbs; he asked them to wait
  • Reporting verbs and their patterns advise; offer; threaten; etc
  • Conditionals ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • General points on conditionals sentence structures and patterns
  • Zero conditional If I work late, he makes the dinner
  • First conditional If I work late tomorrow, he’ll make the dinner
  • Second conditional If I worked late, he would make the dinner
  • Third conditional If I’d worked late, he would have made the dinner
  • Mixed conditionals mixed second/third and third/second conditionals
  • Alternatives to if unless; provided that; suppose; in case; etc
  • The subjunctive and ‘unreal’ uses of past forms
  • ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • The subjunctive form and use; informal alternatives; fixed expressions
  • The ‘unreal’ past imaginary past, present and future; was or were; what if; etc wish I if only + past simple; + past perfect; + would/could
  • Round up (Units and ): Conditionals, subjunctive and ‘unreal’ past
  • Infinitives forms and uses
  • Verbs followed by -ing forms and infinitives patterns; differences in meaning
  • Participle and infinitive phrases ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Participle phrases – form and use active and passive; participle subjects Types of participle phrase defining phrases; phrases of reason, result; etc
  • Infinitive phrases – form and use active and passive; as subject/complement
  • Types of infinitive phrase defining phrases; phrases of purpose and result Uses in discourse to tell the truth; generally speaking
  • Multi-word verbs ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Form and use the four types; formal/informal use; particles
  • Phrasal verbs I get by I made it up
  • Prepositional verbs / looked for it I didn’t fall for it
  • Phrasal-prepositional verbs / look forward to hearing from you
  • Word list: common multi-word verbs break down; catch on; etc
  • Dependent prepositions ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Word list: dependent preposition patterns belief in; good
  • Modal verbs ( ): can, could, may, might, be able to
  • ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Ability She can speak French I wasn’t able to fix it
  • Possibility, deduction and speculation There may be life on Mars
  • Arrangements, suggestions, offers, etc He can see you at six
  • Asking for and giving/refusing permission May I interrupt?
  • Modal verbs ( ): must, should, ought to, hove to, need to
  • ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Obligation and necessity We must leave early You need to eat something
  • Prohibition and criticism You mustn’t touch it
  • Absence of obligation or necessity You don’t have/need to pay
  • Recommendation and advice You’d better not wait
  • Logical deduction and probability He must have left
  • Modal verbs ( ): will, would, shall [ Diagnostic test , page )
  • Prediction and certainty He’ll be in London now He’ll have arrived
  • Characteristics, habits and routines It will hold two litres
  • Willingness and refusal I’ll sign it They wouldn’t change it
  • Other uses of will/shall/would offers; promises; suggestions; requests; etc
  • Hypothetical would it would be nice; it would have been a good idea
  • Round up (Units – ): Modal verbs
  • I Auxiliaries, hove (got), do ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Auxiliary verbs uses; contracted forms
  • Emphasis It has been a long time! Did you or didn ‘t you take it?
  • Have and do meanings and uses
  • Have got for possession; meaning ‘has become/obtained’; etc
  • Confusing verbs ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • False synonyms makeldo; have/take; been/gone; speak/talk; etc
  • Opposite pairs borrow/lend; bringltake
  • Adjectives ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Adjective patterns responsible parents; the person responsible
  • Participle (-ing or -ed) adjectives / feel frightened; a frightening film
  • Groups of adjectives adjective order; pairs of adjectives; etc
  • Comparison ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Comparative and superlative adjectives form and use; irregular adjectives
  • Adjectives with as, so, too, enough and such not as bad as I’d expected
  • Other types of comparison faster and faster; like and as
  • Gradable and ungradable adjectives ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Modifying gradable adjectives very expensive; slightly dizzy; quite nice
  • Modifying ungradable adjectives absolutely fabulous; practically freezing
  • Modifying adjectives in informal English really sorry; dead scary
  • A Common adverb + adjective collocations bitterly cold: deeply moving
  • Adverbs ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Form formation and types; adverbs with two forms
  • Use modifying and adding information; use in comparisons
  • Position of adverbs in sentences front, mid and final position
  • Sentence adverbs viewpoint and attitude adverbs – use in discourse
  • Nouns and noun phrases ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Basic points form and meaning; gender
  • Singular and plural nouns regular/irregular plurals: plural form nouns
  • Countable and uncountable nouns use; different meanings; a piece/bit of
  • Agreement plural subjects; plural form and group nouns
  • Nominalisation making verbs/verb phrases into nouns/noun phrases
  • Possessives and compound nouns ( Diagnostic test page )
  • Form and meaning possessive forms; rules
  • The genitive (’s) or of structure which form to use
  • Specifying or classifying possessives and compound nouns sports shop
  • Pronouns ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Personal pronouns omission of pronouns; subject or object forms: one-, etc
  • Reflexive and reciprocal pronouns -selfI-selves; each other/one another
  • Impersonal pronouns use of you I we I they I one
  • A Indefinite pronouns and adverbs somebody; anything; no one; etc
  • Determiners ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Articles althelno article for naming, describing and classifying; etc
  • Demonstratives this/that/these/those as adjectives and pronouns
  • Quantifiers no; none; half; both; some; all; etc
  • Prepositions ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Introduction basic information; preposition or adverb?
  • Meaning and use prepositions of position, movement, time, reason; etc
  • Prepositional phrases formation; stranded prepositions
  • Word order and verb patterns ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Word order in English subject-verb-object word order and variations
  • Verb patterns verb + complement; verb + prepositional phrase; etc
  • Linking clauses coordination; subordination
  • Relative clauses ( Diagnostic test , page AO)
  • Relative clauses subject/object relatives; defining/non-defining relatives; etc
  • Relative pronouns and adverbs who, etc; modifying pronouns; whichever, etc
  • Contrast ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Conjunctions of contrast but; while; although; yet; etc
  • Prepositions of contrast despite; in spite of
  • Adverbs of contrast however; nevertheless; even so; still; etc
  • Introductory there and it Diagnostic test , page )
  • Introductory there as ‘empty’ subject; there + be
  • Introductory/impersonal it as ‘empty’ subject; introducing certain topics; describing impersonal/general feelings; using it in discourse
  • Emphatic structures and inversion ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Cleft sentences lack was the guy who told us
  • Fronting that I disagree with; attached to the roof was an aerial
  • Inversion little did we realise; never have I seen; so are we
  • Aspects Of cohesion ( Diagnostic test , page )
  • Types of text reference substitution; ellipsis; anaphoric and cataphoric reference
  • Substitution substituting nouns, verbs, clauses
  • Ellipsis omitting nouns, pronouns, verbs, infinitives and wh- clauses
  • Features Of discourse ( Diagnostic test page )
  • Ordering information the information principle; the end-weight principle; etc
  • Discourse devices types of linking; reference; parallelism
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