Biomonitoring of Water and Waste Water by Anju Agrawal, and Krishna Gopal

Book Details

Author

Language

Pages

Size

Format

Category

Biomonitoring of Water and Waste Water

PDF Free Download | Biomonitoring of Water and Waste Water by Anju Agrawal, and Krishna Gopal

Contents of Biomonitoring of Water and Waste Water eBook

  • Measurement of Primary Productivity in Relation to Food Chain
  • Introduction
  • Gross Primary Productivity and Net Primary Production
  • Terrestrial Production
  • Oceanic Production
  • Light
  • Measurement
  • Terrestrial
  • Grasslands
  • Forests
  • Aquatic
  • Global
  • Human Impact and Appropriation
  • Autotrophs Versus Heterotrophs
  • The Process of Primary Production
  • Energy Production by Primary Producers
  • Patterns and Controls of Primary Production
  • in the World’s Ecosystems
  • The Flow of Energy to Higher Trophic Levels
  • An Example: The Fox and the Hare
  • Pyramids of Biomass, Energy and Numbers
  • Pyramid of Numbers
  • Humans and Energy Consumption
  • References
  • Aquatic Weeds: Occurrence and Distribution
  • Introduction
  • Natural Powers of Weeds
  • Types of Weeds
  • Principles of Crop Production and Weed Destruction
  • Crop–Weed Competition
  • The Identification of Weeds
  • Preventive Measures
  • Control Methods
  • Aquatic Applications
  • Calculation of the Dosage Levels
  • Aquatic Weed Control
  • Damages Caused by Aquatic Weeds
  • Harmful Effects of Weeds
  • Classification of Aquatic Weeds
  • Emergent Weeds
  • Floating Weeds
  • Submerged Weeds
  • Ecological Problems Related to Aquatic Environment Algae
  • Hydrophytes
  • Effect of Aquatic Weeds on Environment
  • Management of Aquatic Weeds
  • Preventive Approaches
  • Control Methods
  • Physical or Mechanical Control Methods
  • Eco-Physiological Alterations
  • Biological Control of Weeds
  • Analysis of Phytoplankton and Zooplankton: Qualitative
  • and Quantitative
  • Introduction
  • Trophic Groups
  • Size Groups
  • Zooplankton
  • Collection and Preservation of Plankton
  • Plankton Net
  • Simplified Method
  • Microtransect Method
  • Enumeration of Zooplankton (Small)
  • Diversity Indices
  • References
  • Application of Diversity Index in Measurement of Species
  • Diversity
  • Introduction
  • Species Richness
  • Species Evenness
  • Concentration Ratio
  • Simpson’s Diversity Index
  • Shannon’s Diversity Index
  • Berger–Parker Index
  • Indices That Measure Lack of Diversity
  • Renyi Entropy
  • Importance
  • Diversity Indices
  • Ecodiversity
  • Data Format
  • Individuals
  • Species
  • Calculating Community Similarity and Diversity
  • Indices
  • References
  • Challenges of Fish Diversity in Polluted Water
  • Cartilaginous Fish
  • Bony Fish
  • Teleosts
  • By Size
  • By Life Span
  • Early Fish
  • By Vision
  • References
  • Biomass Production in Food Chain and Its Role
  • at Trophic Levels
  • Introduction
  • Biomass Transfer Efficiency
  • Fractional Trophic Levels
  • Mean Trophic Level
  • FiB Index
  • Trophic Dynamics
  • Components of Ecosystems
  • Biomass Production
  • The Marine Food Chain
  • Multitrophic Interactions
  • Food Chain
  • Food Webs
  • The Pyramid of Energy
  • The Pyramid of Biomass
  • References
  • Concept of Rare and Endangered Species and Its
  • Impact as Biodiversity
  • Introduction
  • Typological Species
  • Evolutionary Species
  • Phylogenetic (Cladistic) Species
  • Implications of Applying Species Status
  • Endangered Species
  • Conservation Status
  • Climate Change
  • IUCN Species at Risk of Extinction
  • NatureServe Conservation Status
  • Impact on Biodiversity and Endangered Species
  • Species Maintaining Importance
  • Preservation of Endangered Species
  • Captive Breeding Programmes
  • Endangered Species in India
  • Identifying of Species
  • Methodology for Calculation of Rare
  • and Endangered Species
  • References
  • Protected Areas in Relation to Marine Parks
  • and Sanctuaries
  • Marine Parks
  • Wildlife Sanctuaries
  • Marine Protected Area
  • Protected Areas
  • Carbon Stocks
  • Rainforests
  • Mountains
  • IUCN Protected Area Management Categories
  • Coastal Zone
  • Classification Criteria and Regulatory Norms
  • Karnataka State Coastal Zone Management Plan
  • Human Impacts
  • Human Uses of Coasts
  • Threats to a Coast
  • Conservation
  • Types of Coast
  • Coastal Landforms
  • The Coastline Problem
  • Describing a Coastline
  • References
  • Principles of Statistics and Reporting of Data
  • Introduction
  • Scope
  • Application of Statistics
  • Statistical Methods
  • Experimental and Observational Studies
  • Levels of Measurement
  • Key Terms Used in Statistics
  • Null Hypothesis
  • Error
  • Interval Estimation
  • Significance
  • Specialised Disciplines
  • Statistical Computing
  • Statistics Applied to Mathematics or the Arts
  • References
  • General Principles of Toxicity and Its Application
  • Introduction
  • Acute Toxicity
  • Measures of Acute Toxicity
  • Single Species (Indicator) Tests
  • Multispecies Tests (Community Structure)
  • Acute Toxicity Tests
  • Lethality (LC or LD )
  • Skin and Eye Tests
  • Potentiation
  • Subacute Toxicity Tests
  • Subacute Toxicity
  • Chronic Toxicity Tests
  • Full Life Cycle Tests
  • Most Sensitive Early Life Stages
  • Toxicity Tests
  • Functional Tests
  • Other Toxicity Tests
  • Bioassay in Toxicity Testing
  • Good Laboratory Practices (GLP)
  • Cumulative Toxicity
  • References
  • Fate of Biotoxins in the Environment and Its Health
  • Implications
  • Introduction
  • Biotoxins of Animal Origin
  • Properties of Animal Toxins
  • Snake Venoms
  • Polypeptides
  • Lizard Venoms
  • Amphibian Toxins
  • Scorpion Toxins
  • Toxins of Marine Origin
  • Marine Organisms Containing Toxins
  • Toxins of Plant Origin
  • Cardiovascular System
  • Nervous System
  • Gastrointestinal Tract (GIT)
  • Liver
  • Okadaic Acid (OKA)
  • Domoic Acid
  • Ciguatoxin
  • Scombrotoxin
  • Kainic Acid
  • Ibotenic Acid
  • Toxins Produced by Microorganisms
  • References
  • Microbial Toxicity Studies
  • Introduction
  • Bacterial Toxin
  • Botulinum Neurotoxin
  • Tetanus Toxin
  • Anthrax Toxin
  • Subtilase Cytotoxin
  • Pasteurella multocida Toxin
  • Vibrio RTX Toxins
  • Helicobacter pylori Toxin
  • Staphylococcal Toxins
  • Cyanobacteria Toxins
  • Mycotoxins
  • Fungal Ribotoxins
  • Aquatic Microbiology
  • Role of Sediment Bacteria in Aquatic
  • Ecosystems
  • Sediment Toxicity Tests to Derive Sediment
  • Quality Guidelines
  • The Conditions in Unpolluted
  • Anaerobic Sediments Can Be Toxic
  • for Aerobic Organisms
  • The Use of Pollution-Induced Community
  • Tolerance
  • A Separate Approach for Microbial Toxicity
  • Tests Necessary for Ecotoxicological Risk
  • Assessment of Polluted Sediments
  • Effects of Toxicants on Microbial Growth
  • Enumeration of Bacteria in Aquatic Environments
  • Growth of Heterotrophic Microorganisms
  • Geochemical Cycling: Nitrogen
  • Decomposition Processes
  • Unique Aspects of the Effects of Toxicants on Microorganisms
  • Chemotaxis
  • Epiphytic Microorganisms
  • Bioaccumulation in Bacteria
  • Adverse Effects of Microorganisms on Toxic
  • Substances
  • References
  • Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water and Their Public Health
  • Consequences
  • Introduction
  • The Disease and How It Affects People: The Cause
  • Distribution and Scope of Problem
  • Steps to Prevent Cyanobacterial Poisoning
  • Cyanobacteria (Blue-Green Algae)
  • Cyanobacterial Blooms and How They Are Formed
  • Harmful Marine Algae
  • Red Tide
  • Assessing the Impact on Public Health
  • Ciguatera
  • Toxic Compounds Produced by Cyanobacteria
  • Microcystin
  • Nodularin
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Other Bioactive Compounds
  • Method of Detecting and Quantifying Cyanobacterial
  • Toxins
  • Physicochemical Methods
  • Biological, Biochemical and Immunological Methods
  • Concentration of Cyanobacterial Toxins for Analysis
  • Determination of the Potential for Cyanobacterial Toxin Production
  • Cyanobacterial Toxins as Hazard to Health: Human and Animal Poisoning Episodes
  • Animal Dosing Studies and Risk Assessment for Production of Human Health
  • Effect of Cyanobacterial Toxins on Wild Animals and Plants
  • Multiple Fate of Cyanobacterial Toxins
  • Dose of Cyanobacterial Toxins
  • References
  • Good Laboratory Practices in Biomonitoring
  • Introduction
  • GLP and OECD
  • OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals
  • GLP and the USFDA
  • GLP and the European Union
  • GLP and Non-OECD Member Countries
  • Criticism of GLP
  • Klimisch Score
  • GLP and Automated Systems
  • Good Clinical Laboratory Practices (GCLP)
  • Infrastructure
  • Personnel, Training and Development
  • Equipment
  • Reagents, Chemicals and Consumables
  • Specimen Collection
  • Requisition Form
  • Registration of Samples
  • Worksheet
  • Reporting of Test Results
  • Sample Rejection
  • Data Management
  • Standard Operating Procedure
  • Laboratory Safety
  • Biosafety
  • Quality Assurance
  • Internal Audit
  • Good Laboratory Practice Guidelines
  • Elements of Good Laboratory Practice
  • Quality Assurance: Establishing Confidence in Reported Data
  • Statistical Procedures
  • Instrumentation Validation
  • Reagent/Materials Certification
  • Certification of Analysts
  • Certification of Laboratory Facilities
  • Specimen/Sample Tracking
  • Documentation and Maintenance of Records
  • Accountability
  • GLP for the Chem Laboratory
  • Good Laboratory Practices for Animal Research
  • Helpful Resources
  • Objective
  • Background
  • Scope
  • General Principles
  • Standards
  • Animals
  • IVV and Route of Administration
  • Study Design
  • Statistical Analysis
  • Guidelines
  • Laboratory Safety Tests
  • One Dose and Repeat Dose Test
  • Data Collection
  • Reproductive Safety Test
  • Field Safety Test
  • Animals
  • Study Sites and Treatment
  • Data Collection

Related Books

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

What's the problem with this file?

There is a temporary issue with downloading files and we are working on.
In the meantime, we appreciate your patience.