Complex Metallic Alloys Fundamentals and Applications

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Complex Metallic Alloys Fundamentals and Applications

PDF Free Download | Complex Metallic Alloys Fundamentals and Applications by Jean-Marie Dubois and Esther Belin-Ferré

Contents of Complex Metallic Alloys eBook

  • Introduction to the Science of Complex Metallic Alloys
  • Complex Metallic Alloy: What Is It?
  • Composition and Varieties
  • Complexity at a Glance
  • Defects
  • Complex Metallic Alloy: Why Is It Complex?
  • Electronic Densities of States and Hume-Rothery Rules
  • Self-Hybridization in Al-Mg Alloys
  • A Brief Survey of Properties
  • Transport Properties
  • Surface Physics and Chemistry
  • Surface Energy
  • Plasticity
  • Potential Applications
  • Applications Related to Surface Energy
  • Applications Related to Transport Properties
  • Applications Related to Dispersion of Particles in a Matrix
  • Conclusion and Introduction of the Following Chapters
  • References
  • Properties of CMAs: Theory and Experiments
  • Introduction
  • Electronic-Structure-Related Properties
  • Transport Properties of Quasicrystals and Approximants
  • Complex Metallic Alloys: Fundamentals and Applications
  • Inverse Matthiessen Rule
  • Current–Voltage Curves
  • Optical Conductivity
  • Seebeck Coefficient
  • Chemical Trends
  • Electronic Structure
  • Fermi-Level -Pseudogap
  • Fine Spectral Features
  • Spectral Conductivity Models
  • The Role of Critical States
  • Phenomenological Approaches
  • Kubo–Greenwood Formalism of Transport Coefficients
  • Application Examples
  • Phonons
  • Phonons: An Introduction
  • Measuring Phonons: Inelastic Neutron and X-Ray Scattering
  • Coherent Inelastic Neutron Scattering
  • Incoherent Inelastic Neutron Scattering
  • Beyond the Harmonic Approximation
  • Phonons in Quasicrystals and their Approximants
  • The Zn Mg Laves Phase
  • Phonons in Cage Compounds and Thermoelectricity
  • Zinc-Antimony Alloy Zn Sb
  • Phonon and Transport Properties: The Example
  • of Thermoelectricity
  • Thermal Conductivity
  • Thermoelectric Figure of Merit
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Anisotropic Physical Properties of Complex Metallic Alloys
  • Introduction
  • Structural Considerations and Sample Preparation
  • Theoretical Ab Initio Calculation of the Electronic Transport
  • Coefficients
  • Anisotropic Hall Coefficient of Y-Al-Ni-Co
  • Anisotropic Transport Coefficients of o-Al Co
  • Electrical Resistivity
  • Electronic Thermal Conductivity
  • Hall Coefficient
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Surface Science of Complex Metallic Alloys
  • Introduction
  • Surface-Structure Determination
  • Surface Preparation
  • Structure from Real-Space Methods
  • Structure from Reciprocal-Space Methods
  • Structure from Ab Initio Methods
  • Stability of Alloy Surfaces
  • Electronic Structure
  • The Pseudo-Gap Feature
  • Nature of the Electronic States
  • Thin-Film Growth on CMA Surfaces
  • Low-Coverage Regime
  • Nucleation Mechanism
  • Identification of the Trap Sites
  • Pseudomorphic Layers
  • Multilayer Regime
  • Twinning of Nanocrystals
  • Intermixing and Alloying
  • Electron Confinement
  • Adhesion, Friction and Wetting Properties of CMA Surfaces
  • Wetting Properties
  • Atomic-Scale Adhesion Properties of Complex Metallic Alloys
  • Continuum-Mechanics Models
  • Adhesion on Clean and In-Situ Oxidized Quasicrystal Surfaces
  • Adhesion Measured in the Elastic and Inelastic Regime
  • Adhesion on Air-Oxidized Quasicrystal Surfaces
  • Atomic-Scale Friction Properties
  • Friction-Measurement Apparatus – FFM and Tribometer
  • Friction on Atomically Clean and In-Situ Oxidized Quasicrystal
  • Surfaces
  • Friction Anisotropy
  • Friction Anisotropy of Clean -Fold Al-Ni-Co Surface
  • Friction Anisotropy After Surface Modification
  • Low Friction of Quasicrystals and Its Relation with Wetting
  • and Adhesion
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Metallurgy of Complex Metallic Alloys
  • Introduction
  • Basic Concepts of Crystal Growth
  • Bridgman Method
  • Zone Melting
  • Self-Flux Growth
  • Introduction to Chemical Vapor Deposition of Coatings
  • Containing CMAs
  • MOCVD Processing of Al-Cu-Fe Thin Films
  • Precursors Selection
  • Deposition of Aluminum
  • Deposition of Copper
  • Deposition of the Al Cu Approximant Phase
  • Deposition of Iron
  • Concluding Remarks
  • References
  • Surface Chemistry of CMAs
  • Introduction
  • Surface Chemistry of CMAs Under UHV Environment
  • Interaction with Oxygen
  • Interaction with Other Molecules
  • Atmospheric Aging
  • Atmospheric Oxidation
  • Surface Properties in Atmospheric Conditions
  • Surface Chemistry and Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
  • Thermodynamic Stability
  • Oxide Electronic Properties
  • Localized Degradation Reactions
  • Summary: Localized Corrosion Model for the Al (Fe,Cr)
  • Compound
  • High-Temperature Corrosion
  • Bulk Samples
  • Powders, Thin Films and Oxidation-Induced Phase
  • Transformations
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Mechanical Engineering Properties of CMAs
  • Introduction
  • Structure and Mechanical Properties of CMAs
  • Single-Phase Intermetallics
  • Multiphase Intermetallics
  • Metal Matrix Composites Reinforced with CMAs
  • Processing of Aluminum Matrix Composites Reinforced
  • with CMAs
  • Thermal Stability of CMAs in Al-Based Matrix Composites
  • Preserving Complex Phases in Al-Based Matrix Composites
  • Mechanical Properties of Al-Based Composites Reinforced
  • with CMAs
  • Surface Mechanical Testing and Potential Applications
  • Fretting Tests (Cold Welding) of CMAs
  • Friction Properties of Composites
  • CMA Matrix Composites
  • Al-Based Composites Reinforced with CMAs
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Elemental Magnetocalorics
  • Intermetallic Compounds
  • Laves Phases
  • Miscellaneous Intermetallic Compounds
  • Nanocomposites
  • Comparison of MCE Materials
  • Conclusions
  • Magnetocaloric Effect and Hysteresis Losses of CMAs
  • Substituting Ge and Si with Various Elements to Reduce the
  • Hysteresis Losses
  • Phase Formation and Magnetic Properties of Gd Si Ge with Fe
  • Substitutions
  • X-Ray Diffraction Measurements
  • Magnetic Measurements
  • Hysteresis Losses
  • TEM Investigation of CMAs
  • Imaging in the TEM
  • Mass-Thickness Contrast
  • TEM Images
  • STEM Images
  • TEM Diffraction Contrast
  • STEM Diffraction Contrast
  • Experimental Results of TEM Analyses
  • TEM of Low Loss Samples
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Recent Progress in the Development of Thermoelectric Materials
  • with Complex Crystal Structures
  • Silke Paschen, Claude Godart, and Yuri Grin
  • Introduction
  • Thermoelectric Figure of Merit
  • Design Principles
  • Phonon Engineering
  • Electron Engineering
  • Thermoelectric Materials
  • Concluding Remarks
  • References
  • Complex Metallic Phases in Catalysis
  • Introduction
  • Why Use Intermetallic Compounds – The General Concept
  • Chemical Bonding
  • Investigating the Stability In Situ
  • Bulk Stability
  • Surface Stability
  • Complex Metallic Phases as Platform Materials for Heterogeneous
  • Catalysis

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