Dynamic Behavior of Concrete and Seismic Engineering

Dynamic Behavior of Concrete and Seismic Engineering

PDF Free Download | Dynamic Behavior of Concrete and Seismic Engineering by Jacky Mazars and Alain Millard

Contents of Dynamic Behavior of Concrete and Seismic Engineering

  • Chapter 1. Dynamic Behavior of Concrete: Experimental Aspects
  • Introduction
  • Meaning of the word “dynamic”
  • Reminders about dynamic experimentation
  • Identifying the behavior of concrete under fast dynamic loadings
  • Tests in which the transient rate has little influence
  • Tests involving deviatoric behavior
  • Tests with prevailing spherical behavior
  • Tests with transient phase conditioned interpretations
  • Tests involving mainly traction behavior
  • Tests implementing compression behavior
  • Other tests
  • Tests adaptable to an energetic approach
  • Validation tests on structures requiring an inverse analysis
  • Synthesis of the experimental data on concrete and associated materials
  • Data on cement paste mortar and concrete
  • Data available for reinforced concrete
  • Data about fiber-reinforced concretes
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter 2. Dynamic Behavior of Concrete: Constitutive Models
  • Dynamics of concrete structures
  • Macroscopic phenomena
  • Perforation
  • Dynamic Behavior of Concrete and Seismic Engineering
  • Ejection of fragments
  • Loading range
  • Loading path
  • Fast dynamics applied to concrete
  • Impacts and waves
  • Impact and shock polar curve
  • Shock between two solids
  • Scabbing
  • Effect of a shock wave on the structure of materials
  • Modeling types
  • Behavior description theoretical frames
  • Integrating sensitivity to the strain rate
  • Elasto-plasticity and criteria Damage
  • Notion of a state law
  • Location limiter and time sensitivity
  • Models
  • Elasticity-based model
  • Models based on the theory of plasticity
  • Models based on damage mechanics
  • Model coupling damage and plasticity
  • Model coupling damage and mechanics of porous media
  • Model deriving from a hydrodynamic approach
  • Endochronic models
  • Discrete element method
  • Conclusion
  • Main features of the models
  • Contribution of distinct elements
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter 3. Seismic Ground Motion
  • Introduction
  • Measuring seismic motions
  • Differences between seismological and accelerometer networks
  • Accelerometer networks
  • Accelerometer data banks
  • Quantitative characterization of seismic movements
  • Time maximum values
  • Spectral characterizations
  • Features of hybrid characterizations
  • Caveats regarding differential motions
  • Factors affecting seismic motions
  • Spectral signature of the seismic source
  • Effects of propagation in the Earth’s crust
  • Site effects
  • Conclusions
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter 4. Soil Behavior: Dynamic Soil-Structure Interactions
  • Introduction
  • Behavior of soils under seismic loading
  • Influence of the nature of soils on seismic movements
  • Experimental description of soil behavior
  • Modeling soil behavior
  • An experimental description of elastic soil behavior (JdJs)
  • Linear visco-elastic models for medium strain domains
  • High strain domain non-linear models where JtJv
  • Linear soil-structure interactions
  • Illustration of the soil-structure interaction effect
  • Expression of a soil-structure problem
  • Superposition theorem
  • Practical modeling of the soil-structure interaction
  • Non-linear soil-structure interactions
  • Geometric non-linearities and uplift of the foundations
  • Non-linearities of behavior
  • Modeling the non-linear soil-structure interaction
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter 5. Experimental Methods in Earthquake Engineering
  • Introduction
  • The pseudo-dynamic method
  • Introduction
  • History of the PSD method
  • The ELSA laboratory
  • Comparison with shaking tables
  • The conventional pseudo-dynamic method
  • Algorithms
  • Implementation at ELSA
  • The sub-structuration method
  • Illustration
  • Continuous pseudo-dynamic method
  • Continuous method principle
  • Implementation at ELSA
  • Sub-structuration for the continuous method
  • Final comments
  • Dynamic Behavior of Concrete and Seismic Engineering
  • Shaking table tests
  • Introduction
  • Characteristics and performance of shaking tables
  • Laws of similarity
  • Instrumentation
  • Loading
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter 6. Experiments on Large Structures
  • Instrumentation
  • Dynamic loads
  • Data processing
  • Application to buildings
  • The slanting tower at the Montreal Olympic Stadium
  • Reinforced concrete building
  • Bridge application
  • Pedestrian footbridge
  • A mixed cable-stayed/suspension bridge
  • Application to large dams
  • Assessment of a response spectrum on the crown
  • Study of foundation-ice-reservoir-dam interactions
  • Study of the effect of the water level inside the reservoirs
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter 7. Models for Simulating the Seismic Response of Concrete Structures
  • Introduction
  • Different discretization families
  • Global modeling
  • Semi-global modeling
  • D and D fine models
  • Behavior laws for concrete
  • Semi-empirical mixed models
  • Damage model
  • Plasticity model for concrete
  • Cyclic models for steel
  • Taking construction layouts and second-order phenomena into account
  • A few examples with their validation through experiments
  • Application of the semi-global method to a four-storey structure
  • Semi-global and local models applied to concrete walls
  • Conclusions
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter 8. Seismic Analysis of Structures: Improvements Due to Probabilistic Concepts
  • Introduction
  • The modal method
  • Data about the seismic source
  • Calculation of structural responses using the modal method
  • Criticism of the modal method
  • A few reminders about random processes
  • Definition and characterization of a time random process
  • Second order characterization
  • Response of a linear system to random stress
  • Using stochastic equations
  • Extrema statistics in a stationary process
  • Improvements to the modal method
  • Complete quadratic combination
  • Peak factor effect
  • Direct calculation of the floor spectra
  • Representation of non-stationary processes
  • Adjusting a separable process from the ORS data
  • Determination of the floor spectra
  • Creation of synthetic signals and direct numerical integration
  • Seismic analysis of non-linear behavior structures
  • Introduction
  • Main non-linearities of seismically-loaded structures
  • Notion of “inelastic spectra”
  • Conventional method of stochastic linearization
  • Random parameter stochastic linearization
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter 9. Engineering Know-How: Lessons from Earthquakes and Rules for Seismic Design
  • Introduction
  • Lessons from earthquakes
  • Pathologies linked to overall behavior
  • Problems linked to local under-design
  • Dynamic Behavior of Concrete and Seismic Engineering
  • Problems linked to construction layout
  • The aims of anti-seismic protection standards
  • Standardization of anti-seismic design
  • Main objectives of anti-seismic protection
  • Verification method
  • Capacity-design method
  • General design
  • Design principles
  • Regularity conditions
  • Calculation of seismic action effects
  • Behavior coefficients
  • Using behavior coefficients
  • Structure behavior and behavior coefficients
  • Local ductility and behavior coefficients
  • Ductility classes and behavior coefficients
  • Designing and dimensioning reinforced concrete structure elements
  • Regulations specific to reinforced concrete in seismic areas
  • Main types of reinforced concrete bracing
  • Main frames
  • Reinforced concrete bracing walls
  • Detail designing
  • Conclusions
  • Bibliography
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Dynamic Behavior of Concrete and Seismic Engineering

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