Engine Modeling and Control Modeling and Electronic Management by Rolf Isermann

Engine Modeling and Control by Rolf Isermann

PDF Free Download | Engine Modeling and Control Modeling and Electronic Management of Internal Combustion Engines by Rolf Isermann

Contents of Engine Modeling and Control

  • Introduction
  • Historical developments
  • Gasoline engines (SI)
  • Diesel engines (CI)
  • Current engine developments
  • Gasoline engines
  • Diesel engines
  • Alternative drives
  • Engine control and diagnosis
  • On the control of gasoline engines
  • On the control of diesel engines
  • On engine diagnosis
  • Development steps for engine control
  • Control-oriented subdivision of combustion engines
  • Contents of this book
  • References
  • Part I Engine Modeling and Identification Methods
  • On theoretical modeling of multiple-domain processes
  • Theoretical and experimental modeling
  • Process elements from different domains
  • Basic equations
  • Balance equations
  • Constitutive equations
  • Phenomenological equations
  • Summary
  • Time-dependent and rotation-angle-dependent models
  • Semi-physical models
  • References
  • Experimental modeling of engines
  • Identification methods for the stationary behavior of nonlinear processes
  • Grid-based look-up tables (maps)
  • Parameter estimation for nonlinear static processes
  • Artificial neural networks for identification
  • Process identification methods for dynamic processes
  • Correlation functions
  • Parameter estimation for linear dynamic processes (method of least squares)
  • Parameter estimation for nonlinear dynamic processes
  • Local and global engine models
  • Stationary identification procedures on test benches
  • Measurement procedures
  • Measurement of the operation boundaries
  • Design of experiments with polynomial models
  • Reduced grid measurement
  • Neural net models for the static behavior
  • Quasi-stationary ramp measurement (sweep mapping)
  • Dynamic identification procedures on test benches
  • Test signals and nonlinear dynamic models
  • Dynamic test plans
  • Influence of sensor dynamics
  • Extract of stationary from dynamic models
  • Combined online identification procedures on test benches
  • Online iterative measurement and modeling procedure
  • Target-oriented design adaptation based on model quality
  • Model analysis and validation
  • Analysis of steady-state measurement and models
  • Analysis of dynamic measurements and models
  • Examples for engine identification
  • References
  • Part II Engine Models
  • General combustion engine models
  • Intake systems
  • Intake system for gasoline engines
  • Intake system for diesel engines
  • Combustion
  • Operating cycles
  • Combustion cycle models
  • Combustion model analysis
  • Mechanical system
  • Mean value torque models
  • Dynamic torque models
  • Reconstruction of torque oscillations through speed measurements
  • Turbochargers
  • Introduction
  • Thermodynamic models of turbochargers
  • Fluid-dynamic models of turbochargers
  • Wastegate turbocharger
  • Identification of a nonlinear thermodynamic turbocharger model
  • Exhaust system
  • Flow behavior of exhaust pipes
  • Thermal behavior of exhaust pipes
  • Heat exchangers
  • Heat exchanger types
  • Heat exchanger models for stationary behavior
  • Heat exchanger models for the dynamic behavior with
  • lumped parameters
  • Heat exchanger models for the dynamic behavior with distributed parameters
  • Dynamic models of temperature sensors
  • Cooling system
  • Cooling flow models
  • Cooling temperature models
  • Lubrication system
  • Drive-train dynamics and surge damping
  • References
  • Part III Engine Control
  • Engine control structure and components
  • Engine control structures and function blocks
  • Hardware structure
  • Software structure
  • Engine control function blocks
  • Actuators and drives
  • Sensors
  • Mechatronic components
  • Fuel supply and injection system
  • Low-pressure fuel-supply system
  • Contents ix
  • High-pressure fuel supply and injection system for gasoline engines
  • High-pressure common-rail fuel supply and injection
  • system for diesel engines
  • Variable valve timing system
  • Camshaft phasing
  • Models and control of a hydraulic camshaft phasing system
  • References
  • Engine-control methods and calibration
  • Engine-oriented electronic control design
  • V-development model
  • Workflow for control development and calibration
  • Basic control structures
  • Linear feedforward control
  • Linear feedback control
  • Parameter-optimized controllers (POC)
  • Internal model control (IMC)
  • Cancelation controller (CAC)
  • State-space control
  • Interconnected control systems
  • Nonlinear static engine feedforward control
  • Look-up tables
  • Polynomial models
  • Comparison of nonlinear model structures
  • Nonlinear dynamic engine control
  • Local linear control
  • Nonlinear control for static nonlinearities
  • Digital control
  • Sampled-data processing
  • Digital control algorithms
  • Conventional and model-based engine-control design and calibration
  • Emission measures and limits
  • Calibration for stationary operating points and driving cycles
  • Calibration of the torque-oriented engine control
  • Model-based calibration procedures
  • Optimization methods
  • Optimization criteria
  • Numerical optimization methods
  • Test benches
  • Dynamometer types
  • Test-bench control
  • Model-based control-function development with special design and simulation tools
  • Model-in-the-loop simulation and control prototyping
  • Software-in-the-loop and hardware-in-the-loop simulation
  • Examples for the HiL Simulation
  • Control software development
  • Software architecture
  • Code generation
  • Software testing
  • References
  • Control of gasoline engines
  • Gasoline engine control structure
  • Air/fuel- and catalytic converter control
  • Ignition feedforward control
  • Ignition feedback control
  • Combustion pressure-based ignition control
  • Combustion pressure sensors
  • Adaptive feedforward ignition control
  • Extremum ignition control
  • Knock control
  • Idle speed control
  • Variable valve trains (VVT)
  • Alternative combustion processes
  • Stratified combustion
  • Homogeneous charge compression ignition for gasoline engines (HCCI)
  • Coolant temperature control
  • Oil pressure control
  • References
  • Control of diesel engines
  • Diesel engine control structure
  • Torque-oriented structure
  • Diesel-engine torque models
  • Examples for the stationary and dynamic behavior of diesel engines
  • Combustion models for diesel engines
  • Combustion phases and combustion modeling
  • Combustion models
  • Pre-mixed and diffusion combustion models
  • Ignition delay model
  • Adaptation of the combustion models
  • Emission models
  • Optimization of steady-state feedforward control of diesel engines
  • Static engine models from dynamic measurements at fixed operating points
  • Optimization of the stationary feedforward control for selected operating points (STATOP-LOC)
  • Optimization of the stationary feedforward control for a driving cycle (STATOP-CYC)
  • Optimization of dynamic feedforward control
  • Dynamic engine models with APRBS excitation (DYNMET)
  • Optimization of the dynamic feedforward control of the charging pressure and exhaust-recirculation flow rate
  • Air flow and charging pressure control with exhaust gas recirculation – an in-depth case study
  • Physical model of the air and exhaust recirculation path
  • Experimental modeling (identification) of the air- and exhaust recirculation path
  • EGR/VGT control
  • Summary
  • Combustion-pressure-based heat release control
  • Alternative combustion processes (HCCI) with pressure-based control
  • Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI)
  • Air mass flow and EGR rate control
  • Smoke limitation control
  • Smoke limitation with minimal air/fuel ratio
  • Smoke limitation with a soot model
  • Smoke limitation with multiple smoke operation models
  • Emission control
  • Raw emission models
  • Raw emission control
  • Exhaust gas after-treatment and its control
  • Particulate filter control
  • References
  • Concluding remarks
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