Geothermal Energy From Theoretical Models to Exploration and Development Second Edition

Geothermal Energy From Theoretical Models to Exploration and Development

Geothermal Energy From Theoretical Models to Exploration and Development Second Edition by Ingrid Stober, and Kurt Bucher

Contents of Geothermal Energy

  • Thermal Structure of the Earth
  • Renewable Energies, Global Aspects
  • Internal Structure of the Earth
  • Energy Budget of the Planet
  • Heat Transport and Thermal Parameters
  • Brief Outline of Methods for Measuring Thermal Parameters
  • Measuring Subsurface Temperatures
  • History of Geothermal Energy Use
  • Early Utilization of Geothermal Energy
  • History of Utilization of Geothermal Energy in the Last Years
  • Geothermal Energy Resources Energy
  • Significance of “Renewable” Energy
  • Status of Geothermal Energy Utilization
  • Geothermal Energy Sources
  • Uses of Geothermal Energy
  • Near Surface Geothermal Systems
  • Deep Geothermal Systems
  • Efficiency of Geothermal Systems
  • Major Geothermal Fields, High-Enthalpy Fields Outlook and Challenges
  • Potential and Perspectives of Geothermal Energy Utilization
  • Geothermal Probes
  • Planning Principles
  • Construction of Ground Source Heat Exchangers
  • Dimensioning and Design of Geothermal Probes
  • Heat Pumps
  • Thermal Parameters and Computer Programs
  • for the Design of Ground Source Heat Pump
  • Systems
  • Drilling Methods for Borehole Heat Exchangers
  • Rotary Drilling
  • Down-The-Hole HammerMethod
  • Concluding Remarks, Technical Drilling Risks
  • Backfill and Grouting of Geothermal Probes
  • Construction of Deep Geothermal Probes
  • Operating Geothermal Probes: Potential Risks,
  • Malfunctions and Damages
  • Special Systems and Further Developments
  • Geothermal Probe Fields
  • Cooling with Geothermal Probes
  • Combined Solar Thermal – Geothermal Systems
  • Geothermal Probe: Performance and Quality Control
  • Thermosyphon, Heat Pipe: Geothermal Probes
  • Operating with Phase Changes
  • Geothermal Well Systems
  • Building GeothermalWell Systems
  • Chemical Aspects of Two-Well Systems
  • Thermal Range of Influence, Numerical Models
  • Hydrothermal Systems, Geothermal Doublets
  • Exploration of the Geologic and Tectonic Structure of the Underground
  • Thermal and Hydraulic Properties of the Target Aquifer
  • Hydraulic and Thermal Range of Hydrothermal Doublets, Numerical Models
  • Hydrochemistry of Hot Waters from Great Depth
  • Reservoir-Improving Measures, Efficiency-Boosting Measures, Stimulation
  • Productivity Risk, Exploration Risk, Economic Efficiency
  • Some Site Examples of Hydrothermal Systems
  • Project Planning of Hydrothermal Power Systems
  • Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES)
  • Enhanced-Geothermal-Systems (EGS), Hot-Dry-Rock
  • Systems (HDR), Deep-Heat-Mining (DHM)
  • Techniques, Procedures, Strategies, Aims
  • Historical Development of the Hydraulic Fracturing
  • Technology, Early HDR Sites Stimulation Procedures
  • Experience and Coping with Seismicity Recommendations, Notes
  • Geothermal Systems in High-Enthalpy Regions
  • Geological Features of High-Enthalpy Regions
  • Development, Installation and Initial Commissioning of Power Plants
  • Main Types of Power Plants in High-Enthalpy Fields
  • Dry Steam Power Plant
  • Flash Steam Power Plants
  • Evolving Deficiencies, Potential Countermeasures
  • Use of Fluids from Reservoirs at Supercritical Conditions
  • Environmental Issues Related to Deep Geothermal Systems
  • Seismicity Related to EGS projects
  • Induced Earthquakes
  • Quantifying Seismic Events
  • The Basel Incident
  • The St Gallen Incident (E Switzerland)
  • Observed Seismicity at Other EGS Projects
  • Conclusions and Recommendations Regarding
  • Seismicity Control in Hydrothermal and Petrothermal (EGS) Projects
  • Interaction Between Geothermal System Operation and the Underground
  • Environmental Issues Related to Surface Installations and Operation
  • Drilling Techniques for Deep Wellbores
  • Geophysical Methods, Exploration and Analysis
  • Geophysical Pre-drilling Exploration, Seismic Investigations
  • Geophysical Well Logging and Data Interpretation
  • Testing the Hydraulic Properties of the Drilled Formations
  • Principles of HydraulicWell Testing
  • Types of Tests, Planning and Implementation, Evaluation Procedures
  • Tracer Experiments
  • Temperature Evaluation Methods
  • The Chemical Composition of Deep Geothermal Waters and Its Consequences for Planning and Operating a Geothermal Power Plant
  • Sampling and Laboratory Analyses
  • Chemical Parameters Characterizing Deep Fluids
  • Graphical Representation of Deep Fluid Composition
  • Estimating Reservoir Temperature from the Composition of Deep Fluids
  • The Quartz Thermometer
  • The K-Na Exchange Thermometer
  • TheMg–K Thermometer
  • Other Cation Thermometers
  • The Ternary Giggenbach Diagram
  • Multiple Equilibria Models for Equilibrium Temperature
  • Origin of Fluids Saturation States, Saturation Index
  • Mineral Scales and Materials Corrosion

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