Handbook of Analytical Techniques in Concrete Science and Technology by Vangi S Ramachandran and James J Beaudoin

Handbook of Analytical Techniques in Concrete Science and Technology

Handbook of Analytical Techniques in Concrete Science and Technology Principles, Techniques, and Applications by Vangi S Ramachandran and James J Beaudoin

Contents of Analytical Techniques in Concrete Handbook

  • INTRODUCTION
  • FORMATION OF PORTLAND CEMENT
  • INDIVIDUAL CEMENT COMPOUNDS
  • PORTLAND CEMENT
  • CEMENT PASTE
  • MODELS OF HYDRATED CEMENT
  • CONCRETE PROPERTIES
  • DURABILITY OF CONCRETE
  • REFERENCES
  • Petrographic and Technological Methods for
  • Evaluation of Concrete Aggregates
  • P E Grattan-Bellew
  • INTRODUCTION
  • CHEMICAL TESTS
  • Chemical Tests for Alkali-Silica Reactivity
  • Chemical Analysis
  • Test Method ASTM C
  • AGGREGATES THAT RELEASE ALKALIS INTO THE PORE
  • SOLUTION IN CONCRETE
  • DETERMINATION OF POROSITY AND WATER
  • ABSORPTION OF AGGREGATES
  • INSTRUMENTAL TECHNIQUES FOR DETERMINING THE
  • POTENTIAL REACTIVITY OF SILICEOUS AGGREGATES
  • X-Ray Diffraction Analysis in the Evaluation of Aggregates
  • Infrared Spectroscopy
  • Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)
  • STAINING TECHNIQUES FOR AGGREGATES
  • Copper Nitrate Staining Method
  • Methylene Blue Test
  • Measurement of Undulatory Extinction Angles
  • SHAPE AND SURFACE TEXTURE OF AGGREGATES
  • REFERENCES
  • Chemical Methods of Analysis of Concrete
  • William G Hime
  • INTRODUCTION
  • The Analytical Problems for the Analyses of
  • Hardened Concrete
  • The Components of Concrete
  • HARDENED CONCRETE ANALYSIS PROCEDURES
  • General
  • Cement Content Analysis
  • Sample Requirements and Procedure Choice
  • Calcium Oxide Content Procedure
  • Soluble Silica Content
  • Sulfate Content
  • Maleic Acid
  • Other Procedures
  • Chloride Analyses
  • Chloride Procedures
  • Sulfate and Sulfide Analyses
  • Water Analysis
  • Nitrate and Nitrite Analyses
  • Organic Components
  • Procedures
  • Elemental Concentrations
  • Compound and Mineral Compositions
  • MORTARS, GROUTS AND PLASTERS
  • Discussion
  • REFERENCES
  • Thermal Analysis
  • Vangi S Ramachandran
  • INTRODUCTION
  • CEMENT CLINKER
  • SYNTHESIS OF CEMENT PHASES
  • POLYMORPHISM IN SILICATES
  • HYDRATION OF CALCIUM SILICATES
  • HYDRATION OF C A AND C AF
  • HYDRATION OF CEMENT
  • DURABILITY
  • REFERENCES
  • IR Spectroscopy
  • S N Ghosh
  • INTRODUCTION
  • THEORY
  • Experimental Methods
  • THE SPECTRA OF ROCKS, MINERALS, CLAYS, ETC
  • Calcite, Aragonite, and Magnesite
  • Estimation of Dolomite Content in Limestone
  • Argillaceous and Siliceous Limestones
  • Feldspar, Orthoclase, Quartz, and Jaspar
  • Tourmaline, Kyanite, Topaz, and Talc
  • Rhyolite, Granite, and Basalt
  • Kaolin, Red Clay, Black Cotton Soil, and White Clay
  • Chrysotile, Tremolite, and Asbestos
  • Biotite, Muscovite, Mica Schist, and Phlogophite Mica
  • Apatite, Phosphatic Rocks, and Gypsum
  • SPECTRA OF FLY ASH AND SLAG
  • ANHYDROUS CEMENT AND ITS PHASES
  • SOLID SOLUTION
  • HYDRATION STUDIES
  • C-S-H and Other Hydrates
  • Ettringite and Other Compounds
  • Hydration Studies under Different Conditions
  • STUDIES ON CONCRETE
  • MISCELLANEOUS STUDIES
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • R James Kirkpatrick
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Theory
  • Experimental Methods
  • STRUCTURAL INVESTIGATIONS OF ANHYDROUS
  • CEMENT PHASES
  • Silicates
  • Aluminates
  • Glasses and Melts
  • STRUCTURAL INVESTIGATIONS OF CALCIUM SILICATE
  • HYDRATE (C-S-H) AND RELATED CRYSTALLINE PHASES
  • Tobermorite, Jennite, and Other Ca-Silicates
  • C-S-H
  • INVESTIGATIONS OF PORTLAND CEMENT HYDRATION
  • INVESTIGATIONS OF ALUMINATE CEMENT HYDRATION
  • WASTE SOLIDIFICATION AND STABILIZATION
  • ALKALI SILICA GEL
  • STRUCTURAL INVESTIGATIONS OF RAW MATERIALS
  • NOTE ADDED IN PROOF
  • REFERENCES
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Microanalysis of
  • Concretes
  • Shondeep L Sarkar, Xu Aimin, Dipayan Jana
  • INTRODUCTION
  • SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY, X-RAY
  • MICROANALYSIS
  • Optical Microscopy-Electron Microscopy Transition
  • Scanning Electron Microscope
  • X-Ray Microanalysis
  • CONCRETE UNDER THE SEM
  • Basic Microstructure of Concrete
  • Admixtures in Concrete
  • INTERPRETATION OF CONCRETE DETERIORATION
  • FROM SEM/EDXA
  • Types of Attack
  • Chemical Deterioration from External Agents
  • Chemical Deterioration from Internal Agents
  • Concrete Exposed to Marine Environment
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • X-Ray Diffraction
  • A K Chatterjee
  • INTRODUCTION
  • BASIC PRINCIPLE
  • Qualitative Analysis
  • Quantitative Analysis
  • DEVELOPMENTS IN INSTRUMENTATION
  • Microfocus X-Ray Diffractometer
  • Integrated XRD-XRF System
  • Time Resolved X-Ray Diffraction
  • Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Diffractometry
  • SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS
  • Ab Initio Structure Determination from Powder
  • Diffraction Data
  • Full Trace Diffraction Match and Files
  • Quantitative Phase Analysis Using Whole Powder
  • Pattern Fitting
  • X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETRY OF CLINKER AND CEMENT
  • Methodological Aspects
  • Identification of Major Phases Present in Cement/Clinker
  • Semi-Quantitative and Quantitative Estimation of Phases
  • Quantitative Phase Analysis for Quality Control
  • Cement Substitute Materials
  • Standardization of X-Ray Diffractometry for Quantitative
  • Phase Analysis
  • X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETRY OF HYDRATED CEMENT
  • Sample Preparation and XRD Study of Hydrated Specimens
  • Small Angle X-Ray Scattering
  • Application of Certain Quantitative Methods to Cement
  • Substitute Materials
  • X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETRY IN CONCRETE CHEMISTRY
  • Cement Paste Aggregate Interface
  • Alkali-Silica Reaction
  • Sulfate Minerals
  • Other Studies of Concrete Damages
  • XRD IN MISCELLANEOUS CEMENTITIOUS SYSTEMS
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Rheology
  • Leslie J Struble and Xihuang Ji
  • INTRODUCTION
  • BACKGROUND
  • SUSPENSIONS
  • RHEOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR OF CEMENT PASTE
  • Static Flow Behavior
  • Dynamic Flow Behavior
  • CONCRETE
  • Flow Behavior
  • Effects of Composition
  • RHEOMETERS
  • Cement Paste
  • Concrete
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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